Geschichts- und Heimatverein e.V. Dreieichenhain


The Original History of the castle Hayn

The castle Hayn was built as a seat of the imperial stewards who were entrusted with the administration of the big wild spell Dreieich ( according to the wild spell of the Main shore handed out so-called Dreieicher Weisthum of emperors Ludwig of Bavaria of 1338 about Darmstadt and from the right Main shore along the Nidda to Aschaffenburg).
The emperor himself visited the castle only if he was in the wide woods on hunt.

The first one mentioned in a document steward and developer of the originally  tower castle was Eberhard von Hagen. Only with takeover of its office the family assumed the name Hagen (Hagen means in old high German in possibly surrounded  court). About 1080 he built the 5-stored residential tower on a small island in the Hengstbachtal. He was surrounded by high curtain walls and a wide water jump. To the family castle of influential circles von Hagen-Münzenberg (castle Münzenberg in the Wetterau was built in 1160 by Kuno I, the great -grandchild of Eberhard. Since then the family carries in addition for the name Münzenberg) become castle it was upgraded till 1180 there came a round donjon and a palace with small chapel. The castle wall became from a wide water jump moved. For the castle men settled in Hofreiten beyond the castle.
Beside the castle there was the statue labour court (today only the former young nobleman's house stands of it, in it the restaurant Faselstall) with big kennels is for special hounds, the Bracken.
A town wall with embankment and ditch surrounded the originating castle man's town.
The Romanesque town gate - the later middle gate, today not more existing - was the only access to castle and town. After the extinction of von Hagen-Münzberg in 1255 the castle fell in a distribution of estates to several men. Till 1286 von Falkenstein 5/6 of the castle could take over, 1/6 remained with gens of Hanau. The castle was further upgraded in the future. The palace and the church were enlarged, other smaller dwelling houses within the castle walls followed.
A mighty gate tower stored the access to the castle. In 1256 citizens (cives) are mentioned for the first time in a place called Hagen ( Hayn ), town rights existed, nevertheless, absolutely already some years longer. In 1350 the town was extended around a craftsman's settlement, the suburb ( the so-called waiter grove), and received up to the town gate resulted a new the magnitude visible even today of the Old Town.
In 1418 the Falkensteiner also became extinct in male line. After an other division of an estate the castle went to gens of Isenburger. Sayn and Hanau. Earl Ludwig II of castle Isenburg an estate acquired in 1486 the Sayn'schen portion in the castle. From other rebuilding's ( another gate, the Untertor, originated in 1450 in the pond) the castle received its Late-Gothic coinage. At the latest in the 15th and 16th the castle was no more constant residence. In the 18th century gave increasingly became impoverished town the preservation and the care of the city fortification on. In 1783 the middle gate and the bulwarks was torn off. The unoccupied castle was used as a stone quarry for the road construction. Since 1710 sole owners of the  castle, count of Isenburger-Philippseich, could prevent the already begun and final demolition of the castle in a 6-year-old lawsuit.
In 1816 the landwards of the Isenburger fell to the Grand Duchy Hess-Darmstadt, up to the castle Hayn. The Isenburger sold the castle in 1931 to the historical association and home association to Dreieichenhain which looks since then after the restoration and the preservation of the castle attachment.            

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